TOPICS

Where there is more mining there is also more poverty and child malnutrition

Where there is more mining there is also more poverty and child malnutrition


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

The economist Juan Diego Calisto of the CooperAcción association with figures in hand exposed the myth that greater investment in mining equals development.

- However, the economist points out that there is more than one indication that mining has not been beneficial to promote development in the departments with the greatest presence of this activity such as Cajamarca, Ancash, Junín.


"Some see the promotion of responsible mining as a 'shortcut' to obtain resources in order to achieve the necessary investments to invest in education and infrastructure, and therefore 'break the vicious cycle' of poverty," says Calisto.

According to the document «Zero chronic child malnutrition in 2016», the mining regions lead the ranking of chronic child malnutrition in Peru, being the regions with the highest rates of chronic child malnutrition: Huancavelica (46.4%), Cajamarca (29.9 %), Huánuco (28.8%), Apurímac (31.3%) and Ayacucho (28.1%).
Mining investment continues to grow

The Ministry of Energy and Mines, through its Mining Statistical Bulletin, reported that mining investment totaled US $ 4,329 million between January and July 2012.

This investment has been increasing in recent years. Contrary to what some announce as the decrease in investment due to social conflicts, such as that of Conga, the panorama is clear: mining investment continues to grow.

In 2010, mining contributed 5.25 of the national GDP, as of December 2011 it represents 24% of foreign investment and 60% of exports, in 2011 its share of total taxes is 17.5% , and if we focus on Income Tax, it was 33.3%.

The total number of workers employed in mining, both of mining owners and contractors, represents approximately 1% of the national Economically Active Population (EAP).
The condemnation of mining

Huancavelica has almost 50% of its territory concessioned to mining (40.34%) and is one of the departments with the highest poverty rate with 77.2% and where health insurance coverage, according to the INEI, does not even reach half of the population (47.6%).

It is followed by Cajamarca with 44.37% of its concession territory and where still 17.1% of its population is illiterate and only 36.7% of the homes are connected to a public water network inside the home.

36.1% of Ancash is under concession, it has an illiteracy rate of 17.9%. In Apurímac, which has 54.44% of its concession territory, 70.3% of the population is poor.

Ayacucho has 16.8% of its population without any educational level and the illiteracy rate is 17.9%, the percentage of the concessioned territory reaches 26.2%
Local, central and national public inefficiency

“The most used argument to justify this reality is the inefficiency of local governments. However, until October 31 of this year, the national government executed only 66.9%, the local governments, 56.1%, and the regional governments, 66.7%, ”said Calisto.

As of October 26 of this year, the Ministry of Production has executed 52.97% of its budget, the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism 63.71%. The Interior Ministry expects by the end of the year to execute only 55% of the investment budget. We see then that inefficiency is a national problem, and that it begins with the central government ”, concludes the economist.
The world economy and not conflicts cause a drop in investment

Another issue addressed by Juan Diego Calisto is the easy accusation made of socio-environmental conflicts of causing the distancing of private investment. With this hackneyed argument they try to distort the true causes, among them the fall in the price of minerals.

“Although social conflicts can influence, they are not the main reason. It is necessary to consider the various causes, and not reduce them to just one ”, he indicated.

For 2013, mining is expected to invest USD $ 2 billion less than projected, which represents a 33% contraction of that projected.

Among the underlying reasons for this reduction is the fall in metal prices in recent months (with the exception of gold) and the uncertain context and crisis experienced in large economies, such as China, the United States or the Zone. Euro.

“The Australian example can serve as a guide to consider the aforementioned delay in investments as an effect that originates from several causes: the fall in metal prices, the slowdown in China, high unemployment in the US (more than 8 %), the crisis in the Euro Zone ”pointed out the specialist.

Australia is among the five largest mining producers in the world. In this country, the postponements or cancellations of mining projects have postponed important projects such as the expansion of the Olympic Dam copper mine, which belongs to BHP Billiton.

This company reported a 35% drop in its profits in the second half of the fiscal year, explained in large part by the slowdown in growth in the Chinese economy. BHP reported its first annual profit decline in three years due to rising costs, and a decline in commodity prices.

How much does mining pollution cost and who pays for it?


And since the debate around extractive industries tends to revolve around economic indicators, it is necessary to consider the costs that mining activities cause on the environment, said economist Calisto.

In the study by Herrera and Millones (2011), the economic cost of mining environmental pollution on water resources was calculated, which reported US $ 814.7 million in 2008, and US $ 448.8 million in 2009, amounts not inconsiderable economic.

The matter becomes serious if one considers that mining employs only 1% of the economically active population (EAP) and does not demonstrate promoting human development in the departments where it operates.

The State must address the pending reforms in public policies, which allow efficient control over extractive activities, so that the environment is protected and the quality of life of people is ensured.

Regional and local governments, for their part, must manage their resources, promoting development with a comprehensive strategy that addresses education –basic and higher–, productive development, health and the exercise of rights ", concluded Calisto.

ConflictsMiners
http://www.conflictosmineros.net


Video: Reverse and Prevent OSTEOPOROSIS Fix Osteopenia 2021 (June 2022).


Comments:

  1. Rayhurn

    This message, amazing))), very interesting to me :)

  2. Kigarisar

    Do you think it doesn't matter?

  3. Grimme

    A very interesting phrase

  4. Hohberht

    yy ... not bad



Write a message